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European Conceptual History
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Basic and Applied Research
The Language of Science Policy in the Twentieth Century
Edited by David Kaldewey and Désirée Schauz
Full Text PDF | Full Text ePUB Made available under a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license with support from the University of Bonn.
312 pages, 6 figures, bibliog., index
ISBN 978-1-78533-810-6 $135.00/£99.00 / Hb / Published (April 2018)
ISBN 978-1-80073-938-3 $19.95/£15.95 / Pb / Published (June 2023)
“Overall, this edited collection represents a greatly enriching contribution to conceptual history that raises questions of methodology and concepts and analyses these successfully from various national perspectives.” • NTM History of Science, Technology & Medicine
“The great merit of the editors’ pluralist approach is that they allow a range of distinguished international contributors free rein to discuss the topics in depth for the United States, Germany, and Britain, with invaluable comparative discussion of Hungary and China too…a rich and intriguing Collection.” • Isis
“This is an important and timely contribution to the conceptual history of science in the twentieth century, with a laudably thorough discussion of methodological and conceptual concerns.” • Julian Bauer, European University Association
“Concepts reflect ideologies and policies as much as they shape them, bridging the gap between expectations and reality. This transnational probe into the "basic/applied" rhetoric of science policy discourse is a unique and overdue analysis that will contribute to our understanding of past and present relations among science, innovation and the political contexts in which they develop.” • Peter Weingart, Bielefeld University
The distinction between basic and applied research was central to twentieth-century science and policymaking, and if this framework has been contested in recent years, it nonetheless remains ubiquitous in both scientific and public discourse. Employing a transnational, diachronic perspective informed by historical semantics, this volume traces the conceptual history of the basic–applied distinction from the nineteenth century to today, taking stock of European developments alongside comparative case studies from the United States and China. It shows how an older dichotomy of pure and applied science was reconceived in response to rapid scientific progress and then further transformed by the geopolitical circumstances of the postwar era.
David Kaldewey is professor for science studies and science policy at the University of Bonn and co-spokesperson of the Rhine Ruhr Center for Science Communication Research. He holds a doctorate in sociology from Bielefeld University. He has published widely on the changing relationship of science, society, and politics. His research interests include the identity work of scientists and science policy makers, the crisis of truth as a challenge to science communication, and the sociology of universities in world society.
Désirée Schauz is an associate researcher at the Leibniz Centre for Contemporary History Potsdam. She holds a PhD in modern history from the University of Cologne and earned her habilitation in the history of science and technology at the Technical University of Munich. She has published widely on the role of concepts in science and research policy. Her latest book deals with the history of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities (1914-1965).
Subject: History: 20th Century to PresentSociology
Basic and Applied Research Edited by David Kaldewey and Désirée Schauz is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) with support from the University of Bonn.
Full Text PDF | Full Text ePUB
OA ISBN: 978-1-78533-811-3
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